The Roentgen Medal 1950-1959
Every year a different one. Yet always someone who deserves it.
Hans Rudolf Schinz (1891-1966)
Radiologist. Successor of Chaoul at the Institute for Radiology of the “Chirurgische Klinik“ at Zurich. Schinz basically contributed to the fact, that radiology has been established as an independent special field in Switzerland. Significant treatises in all fields of radiotherapy.
Gian Guiseppe Palmieri (1892-1961)
Radiologist. Student and assistant of the Italian X-ray pioneer Busi. Co-founder of the “Centre for Radiobiology“. Treatises in all fields of radiology, especially of physical therapy.
Antoine Lacassagne (1884-1971)
Radiologist. Student, collaborator and successor of Regaud at the “Institut du Radium“ in Paris. Basic works on radiotoxicology. Theoretical and practical improvements in radiotherapy of gynaecological carcinomas.
Boris Rajewski (1893-1974)
Biophysicist. Student and successor of F. Dessauer at the “Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysics“ in Frankfurt. His pioneering works in the field of maximally permissible radiation dose in the air, water and food became the basics of the X-ray protection law.
Sir Arthur Holly Compton (1892-1962)
Physicist. Studies and doctorate in Princeton. Professor of physics at the University of Washington and Chicago. Collaborator of Fermi in the realization of the first nuclear reactor. In 1922 Compton succeeded in proving the corpuscular character of the light by research of the scatter of the X-rays in electrons: Compton-effect. Nobel Prize for Physics in 1927.
Mario Ponzio (1885-1956)
Radiologist. Co-founder of the Italian Roentgen Society. Extensive treatises on radiotherapeutics.
Heinz Lossen (1893-1967)
Radiologist. Student and closest collaborator of Franz Groedel in Frankfurt. Contributions to the entire field of medical radiology. His “Material collection of accidents and damages within the X-ray area“, which he began together with Groedel and Liniger, before continuing on his own, attained great importance
Friedrich Dessauer (1881-1963)
Physicist.Only four terms after beginning his studies, Dessauer developed an X-ray apparatus in Aschaffenburg. In 1907 he founded the VEIFA Company in Frankfurt. At the university of Frankfurt he was appointed professor and director of the Institute for Physical Fundamentals in Medicine, later called Max-Planck Institute for Biophysics.
Walther Kossel (1888-1956)
Physicist. Treatises on X-ray spectra, theory of heterogeneous chemical compounds and ionic crystals. Proof of X-ray interference, which accor, when the ray source is in the crystal itself: Kossel-effect (1935).
Sir Wilhelm Lawrence Bragg (1890-1971)
Physicist. Together with his father, Sir William Henry Bragg, treatises in the field of the X-ray diffraction, crystal analysis. Research on the structure of rock salt. Successor of Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory. Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915.
Hugo Seemann (1884-1974)
Physicist. Extension of the X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray structural analysis by development of new radiographic technique, the Seemann-spectrography
Hermann Holthusen (1886-1971)
Radiologist. Student and successor of Heinrich Albers-Schönberg at the radiation institute of the general hospital „St. Georg“ in Hamburg. Treatises on the basic practice of X-ray dosage. Re-founder of the “Subjective Specifications Committee on Radiology“ after 1945.
Max Anderlohr (1884-1961)
Engineer. Under the influence of Friedrich Dessauer, Anderlohr turned his attention to electromedical technique. Development engineer at VEIFA, technical director at Röhrenwerk Rudolstadt, managing director of Reiniger, Gebbert & Schall. First chairman of the “Society of Friends and Supporters of the German Roentgen-Museum“.
Fedor Haenisch (1874-1952)
Radiologist. Student of H. Albers-Schönberg. Treatises about the examination of the lying patient (development of the trochoscope) and about the colonic diagnostics in application of the irrigoradioscopy, i.e. the observation of the contrast enema under the X-ray screen. He was awarded the Roentgen Medal after death.
Hans Meyer (1877-1964)
Radiologist and oncologist. Founder of the scientific paper „Strahlentherapie“. Editor of the “Honory Book of Radiologists of all Nations“.
Max von Laue (1879-1960)
Physicist. Student and assistant of Max Planck. Thereafter, lecturer at Arnold Sommerfeld in Munich. With the help of Friedrich and Knipping, he made experiments for the diffraction and interference of X-rays in crystals. Proof of their wave nature and thus provided experimental confirmation, that the components of the crystals form a symmetrical grid. Nobel Prize for Physics in 1914.
Hans Theodor Schreus (1892-1970)
Dermatologist and radiologist. Basic works in the field of dosimetry of X-rays as well as contributions to the Roentgen apparatus technique.
Wilhelm Rees (1888-1969)
First director of the German Roentgen-Museum.
Robert Janker (1894-1964)
Radiologist. He developed the method of fluorography for the execution of serial examinations. He created valuable possibilities for the radiological imaging of coordinated movements by the development of cinematography of the fluorescent screen.
Walter Hartmann (1873-1964)
Lord Mayor of the City of Remscheid and co-founder of the German Roentgen-Museum.
Leonard Grebe (1883-1967)
Physicist. Founder of the “Roentgen Research Institute“ at the University of Bonn (1922). “Chart for the dosage of X-rays“ (1930 and 1950). Construction of the first cyclotron in Germany (1937-1942).
Friedrich Janus (1875-1952)
Engineer. Significant treatises on technical progress in the application of X-rays, among other things development of rectifiers for the elimination of high losses in electrical energy by high frequency phenomena. Construction of a DC voltage therapy apparatus with rectifier tubes.
Richard Glocker (1890-1978)
Physicist. Founder and Director of the Roentgen laboratory at the technical college Stuttgart, later called institute for metal physics at the “Max-Planck-Institute“ for metal research. He did his doctorate as the last candidate of Roentgen in Munich.
Otto Glasser (1895-1964)
Biophysicist. Scholar of Walter Friedrich, assistant of Friedrich Dessauer, got called to Cleveland/Ohio. Treatises in the field of X-ray dosimetry. Author of the biography “Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen and the History of X-rays“.