The Roentgen Medal 1950-1959

Every year a different one. Yet always someone who deserves it.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Hans Rudolf Schinz.


Hans Rudolf Schinz (1891-1966)
Zürich, CHE

Radiologist. Successor of Chaoul at the Institute for Radiology of the “Chirurgische Klinik“ at Zurich. Schinz basically contributed to the fact, that radiology has been established as an independent special field in Switzerland. Significant treatises in all fields of radiotherapy.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Gian Guiseppe Palmieri.


Gian Guiseppe Palmieri (1892-1961)
Bologna, ITA

Radiologist. Student and assistant of the Italian X-ray pioneer Busi. Co-founder of the “Centre for Radiobiology“. Treatises in all fields of radiology, especially of physical therapy.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Antoine Lacassagne.


Antoine Lacassagne (1884-1971)
Paris, FRA

Radiologist. Student, collaborator and successor of Regaud at the “Institut du Radium“ in Paris. Basic works on radiotoxicology. Theoretical and practical improvements in radiotherapy of gynaecological carcinomas.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Boris Rajewski.


Boris Rajewski (1893-1974)
Frankfurt, GER

Biophysicist. Student and successor of F. Dessauer at the “Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysics“ in Frankfurt. His pioneering works in the field of maximally permissible radiation dose in the air, water and food became the basics of the X-ray protection law.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Sir Arthur Holly Compton.


Sir Arthur Holly Compton (1892-1962)
Chicago, USA

Physicist. Studies and doctorate in Princeton. Professor of physics at the University of Washington and Chicago. Collaborator of Fermi in the realization of the first nuclear reactor. In 1922 Compton succeeded in proving the corpuscular character of the light by research of the scatter of the X-rays in electrons: Compton-effect. Nobel Prize for Physics in 1927.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Mario Ponzio.


Mario Ponzio (1885-1956)
Turin, ITA

Radiologist. Co-founder of the Italian Roentgen Society. Extensive treatises on radiotherapeutics.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Heinz Lossen.


Heinz Lossen (1893-1967)
Mainz, GER

Radiologist. Student and closest collaborator of Franz Groedel in Frankfurt. Contributions to the entire field of medical radiology. His “Material collection of accidents and damages within the X-ray area“, which he began together with Groedel and Liniger, before continuing on his own, attained great importance

Portraitfoto von Herrn Friedrich Dessauer.


Friedrich Dessauer (1881-1963)
Frankfurt, GER

Physicist.Only four terms after beginning his studies, Dessauer developed an X-ray apparatus in Aschaffenburg. In 1907 he founded the VEIFA Company in Frankfurt. At the university of Frankfurt he was appointed professor and director of the Institute for Physical Fundamentals in Medicine, later called Max-Planck Institute for Biophysics.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Walter Kossel.


Walther Kossel (1888-1956)
Göttingen, GER

Physicist. Treatises on X-ray spectra, theory of heterogeneous chemical compounds and ionic crystals. Proof of X-ray interference, which accor, when the ray source is in the crystal itself: Kossel-effect (1935).

Portraitfoto von Herrn Sir Wilhelm Lawrence Bragg.


Sir Wilhelm Lawrence Bragg (1890-1971)
Cambridge, GBR

Physicist. Together with his father, Sir William Henry Bragg, treatises in the field of the X-ray diffraction, crystal analysis. Research on the structure of rock salt. Successor of Rutherford at the Cavendish Laboratory. Nobel Prize for Physics in 1915.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Hugo Seemann.


Hugo Seemann (1884-1974)
Konstanz, GER

Physicist. Extension of the X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray structural analysis by development of new radiographic technique, the Seemann-spectrography

Portraitfoto von Herrn Hermann Holthusen.


Hermann Holthusen (1886-1971)
Hamburg, GER

Radiologist. Student and successor of Heinrich Albers-Schönberg at the radiation institute of the general hospital „St. Georg“ in Hamburg. Treatises on the basic practice of X-ray dosage. Re-founder of the “Subjective Specifications Committee on Radiology“ after 1945.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Max Anderlohr.


Max Anderlohr (1884-1961)
Erlangen, GER

Engineer. Under the influence of Friedrich Dessauer, Anderlohr turned his attention to electromedical technique. Development engineer at VEIFA, technical director at Röhrenwerk Rudolstadt, managing director of Reiniger, Gebbert & Schall. First chairman of the “Society of Friends and Supporters of the German Roentgen-Museum“.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Fedor Haenisch.


Fedor Haenisch (1874-1952)
Hamburg, GER

Radiologist. Student of H. Albers-Schönberg. Treatises about the examination of the lying patient (development of the trochoscope) and about the colonic diagnostics in application of the irrigoradioscopy, i.e. the observation of the contrast enema under the X-ray screen. He was awarded the Roentgen Medal after death.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Hans Meyer.


Hans Meyer (1877-1964)
Bremen, GER

Radiologist and oncologist. Founder of the scientific paper „Strahlentherapie“. Editor of the “Honory Book of Radiologists of all Nations“.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Max von Laue.


Max von Laue (1879-1960)
Berlin, GER

Physicist. Student and assistant of Max Planck. Thereafter, lecturer at Arnold Sommerfeld in Munich. With the help of Friedrich and Knipping, he made experiments for the diffraction and interference of X-rays in crystals. Proof of their wave nature and thus provided experimental confirmation, that the components of the crystals form a symmetrical grid. Nobel Prize for Physics in 1914.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Hans Theodor Schreus.


Hans Theodor Schreus (1892-1970)
Düsseldorf, GER

Dermatologist and radiologist. Basic works in the field of dosimetry of X-rays as well as contributions to the Roentgen apparatus technique.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Wilhelm Rees.


Wilhelm Rees (1888-1969)
Remscheid, GER

First director of the German Roentgen-Museum.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Robert Janker.


Robert Janker (1894-1964)
Bonn, GER

Radiologist. He developed the method of fluorography for the execution of serial examinations. He created valuable possibilities for the radiological imaging of coordinated movements by the development of cinematography of the fluorescent screen.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Walter Hartmann.


Walter Hartmann (1873-1964)
Remscheid, GER

Lord Mayor of the City of Remscheid and co-founder of the German Roentgen-Museum.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Leonard Grebe.


Leonard Grebe (1883-1967)
Bonn, GER

Physicist. Founder of the “Roentgen Research Institute“ at the University of Bonn (1922). “Chart for the dosage of X-rays“ (1930 and 1950). Construction of the first cyclotron in Germany (1937-1942).

Portraitfoto von Herrn Janus Friedrich.


Friedrich Janus (1875-1952)
Landau, GER

Engineer. Significant treatises on technical progress in the application of X-rays, among other things development of rectifiers for the elimination of high losses in electrical energy by high frequency phenomena. Construction of a DC voltage therapy apparatus with rectifier tubes.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Glocker.


Richard Glocker (1890-1978)
Stuttgart, GER

Physicist. Founder and Director of the Roentgen laboratory at the technical college Stuttgart, later called institute for metal physics at the “Max-Planck-Institute“ for metal research. He did his doctorate as the last candidate of Roentgen in Munich.

Portraitfoto von Herrn Otto Glasser.


Otto Glasser (1895-1964)
Cleveland, USA

Biophysicist. Scholar of Walter Friedrich, assistant of Friedrich Dessauer, got called to Cleveland/Ohio. Treatises in the field of X-ray dosimetry. Author of the biography “Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen and the History of X-rays“.